Interactive Timeline

World War I Begins

World War I Begins
July 28, 1914

World War I began in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until 1918.

LEARN MORE: World War I

Felix Goldberg Is Born In Kalisz, Poland

Felix Goldberg Is Born In Kalisz, Poland
January 2, 1917

LEARN MORE: History of Jews in Kalisz, Poland

World War I Ends

November 11, 1918

Bluma Tishgarten Is Born In Pinczow, Poland

June 10, 1926

LEARN MORE: Pinczow, Poland

Adolf Hitler Becomes Chancellor Of Germany

Adolf Hitler Becomes Chancellor Of Germany
January 30, 1933

LEARN MORE: Adolf Hitler’s rise to power

SS Opens Dachau Concentration Camp

SS Opens Dachau Concentration Camp
March 20, 1933

LEARN MORE: Dachau concentration camp

Boycott Of Jewish Owned Businesses In Germany Begins

Boycott Of Jewish Owned Businesses In Germany Begins
April 1, 1933

LEARN MORE: Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses

Buchenwald Concentration Camp Is Built In Germany

Buchenwald Concentration Camp Is Built In Germany
July 5, 1937

Buchenwald was one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps within Germany’s 1937 borders.

LEARN MORE: Buchenwald concentration camp

Hermann Göring Warns All Jews To Leave Austria

Hermann Göring Warns All Jews To Leave Austria
March 26, 1938

LEARN MORE: Hermann Göring

Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)

Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)
November 9, 1938

LEARN MORE: Kristallnacht

World War II Begins

World War II Begins
September 1, 1939

Germany invades Poland on September 1, 1939.

Germany Invades Pinczow, Poland

September 4, 1939

Germans invade Bluma’s town of Pinczow. Bluma (age 13) and sister escape into nearby woods.

Felix Is Taken POW On Rosh Hashana

September 13, 1939

Felix Is An Inmate At Stalag III-A, Brandenburg

Felix Is An Inmate At Stalag III-A, Brandenburg
October 2, 1939

LEARN MORE: Stalag III-A at Brandenburg

Auschwitz Death Camp Opens

Auschwitz Death Camp Opens
May 6, 1940

LEARN MORE: Auschwitz concentration camp

Felix Is Transferred To Lublin Ghetto

Felix Is Transferred To Lublin Ghetto
October 6, 1941

LEARN MORE: Lublin Ghetto

Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
December 7, 1941

“A Date Which Will Live In Infamy”

“A Date Which Will Live In Infamy”
December 8, 1941

US Declares War On Germany, Italy & Japan

US Declares War On Germany, Italy & Japan
December 11, 1941

Felix Is An Inmate At Jutrosin Camp

January 19, 1942

Riegner Telegram Alerts World Of Nazi Holocaust

Bluma Is Taken To A HASAG Slave Labor Camp In Kielce

Bluma Is Taken To A HASAG Slave Labor Camp In Kielce
September 7, 1942

LEARN MORE: HASAG Slave Labor Camp

Felix Is Transferred To Rawitsch

October 19, 1942

New York Times Article References Holocaust

New York Times Article References Holocaust
November 25, 1942

LEARN MORE: Himmler Program Kills Polish Jews

NYT: 11 Allies Condemn Nazi War On Jews

NYT: 11 Allies Condemn Nazi War On Jews
December 18, 1942

READ ARTICLE: 11 Allies Condemn Nazi War On Jews

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Begins

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Begins
April 19, 1943

LEARN MORE: Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Felix Is Transferred To Auschwitz

October 4, 1943

LEARN MORE: Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Bluma Is Transferred To Czestochowa Ghetto

Bluma Is Transferred To Czestochowa Ghetto
February 7, 1944

LEARN MORE: Czestochowa Ghetto

D-Day: Allied Forces Invade Normandy, France

D-Day: Allied Forces Invade Normandy, France
June 6, 1944

LEARN MORE: Normandy landings

Discovery Of Concentration Camps And The Holocaust

Battle Of The Bulge Begins

Battle Of The Bulge Begins
December 16, 1944

LEARN MORE: Battle Of The Bulge

Bluma Is Transferred To Bergen-Belsen

Bluma Is Transferred To Bergen-Belsen
January 8, 1945

LEARN MORE: Bergen-Belsen
LEARN MORE: 5 Important Facts About Bergen-Belsen

Felix Is A Participant In Death March From Auschwitz

January 18, 1945

LEARN MORE: Death March From Auschwitz

Auschwitz Liberated By Russian Troops

January 27, 1945

Felix Arrives At Buchenwald From Gross Rosen

Felix Arrives At Buchenwald From Gross Rosen
February 10, 1945

PHOTO: Felix Goldberg At Buchenwald

LEARN MORE: Gross Rosen

Bluma Is Transferred To Burgau (Subcamp to Dauchau Concentration Camp)

March 5, 1945

Bluma Is Transferred To Kaufering

Bluma Is Transferred To Kaufering
April 2, 1945

LEARN MORE: Kaufering concentration camp complex

Buchenwald Liberated By US Troops

Buchenwald Liberated By US Troops
April 11, 1945

Felix Goldberg among Jews in Buchenwald liberated by US Troops.

PHOTO: Felix Goldberg Buchenwald ID Card

Edward R. Murrow Radio Broadcast On The Liberation Of Buchenwald

April 15, 1945

CBS Newsman Edward R Murrow’s radio broadcast on the occasion of the liberation of Buchenwald.

US Congressmen And Reporters Visit Buchenwald

Bluma Is Liberated From Kaufering VI In Turkhein Camp

April 29, 1945

Bluma (along with her sister) is liberated from Kaufering VI in Turkhein (subcamp to Dachau) camp by 12th Armored Division of US Army; transported to Holzhausen Hospital near Landsberg Germany.

Germany Surrenders

Germany Surrenders
May 7, 1945

LEARN MORE: German Instrument of Surrender

TIME’s 1945 Report On The Horrors Of Dachau

Life Magazine’s 1945 Report On The German People

Bluma Arrives At Landsberg Displaced Persons Camp

Felix Goldberg’s Name On “List Of Jewish Survivors From Camp Buchenwald”

June 10, 1945

This list was prepared by the World Jewish Congress.

US Drops Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima & Nagasaki, Japan

World War II Ends

World War II Ends
September 2, 1945

LEARN MORE: Surrender of Japan

Nuremberg Trials Begin

Nuremberg Trials Begin
November 20, 1945

LEARN MORE: Nuremberg Trials

A Primer In Resettlement For Small Communities

A Primer In Resettlement For Small Communities
May 2, 1949

In May 1949, New Neighbors, a USNA newsletter, featured an article, “A Primer in Resettlement for Small Communities,” which described Columbia SC efforts to welcome displaced persons.

NEWSPAPER ARTICLE: A Primer In Resettlement For Small Communities