World War I Begins
World War I began in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until 1918.
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Felix Goldberg Is Born In Kalisz, Poland
LEARN MORE: History of Jews in Kalisz, Poland
World War I Ends
Bluma Tishgarten Is Born In Pinczow, Poland
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Adolf Hitler Becomes Chancellor Of Germany
LEARN MORE: Adolf Hitler’s rise to power
Adolf Hitler Named Chancellor in 1933
Source: The Greenville News
SS Opens Dachau Concentration Camp
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Boycott Of Jewish Owned Businesses In Germany Begins
LEARN MORE: Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses
Buchenwald Concentration Camp Is Built In Germany
Buchenwald was one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps within Germany’s 1937 borders.
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Hermann Göring Warns All Jews To Leave Austria
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Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)
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World War II Begins
Germany invades Poland on September 1, 1939.
Germany Invades Pinczow, Poland
Germans invade Bluma’s town of Pinczow. Bluma (age 13) and sister escape into nearby woods.
Felix Is Taken POW On Rosh Hashana
Felix Is An Inmate At Stalag III-A, Brandenburg
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Auschwitz Death Camp Opens
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Felix Is Transferred To Lublin Ghetto
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Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
“A Date Which Will Live In Infamy”
US Declares War On Germany, Italy & Japan
Felix Is An Inmate At Jutrosin Camp
High ranking Nazi officials meet at a villa in Berlin Germany. The Wannsee Conference is where Hitler’s Final Solution is first planned and set in motion.
Extermination Feared by Jews In Poland
SOURCE: New York Times (p.28)
Riegner Telegram Alerts World Of Nazi Holocaust
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Bluma Is Taken To A HASAG Slave Labor Camp In Kielce
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Felix Is Transferred To Rawitsch
New York Times Article References Holocaust
LEARN MORE: Himmler Program Kills Polish Jews
NYT: 11 Allies Condemn Nazi War On Jews
READ ARTICLE: 11 Allies Condemn Nazi War On Jews
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Begins
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Felix Is Transferred To Auschwitz
LEARN MORE: Auschwitz Concentration Camp
Bluma Is Transferred To Czestochowa Ghetto
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D-Day: Allied Forces Invade Normandy, France
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Discovery Of Concentration Camps And The Holocaust
Battle Of The Bulge Begins
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Felix Is A Participant In Death March From Auschwitz
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Auschwitz Liberated By Russian Troops
Bluma Is Transferred To Burgau (Subcamp to Dauchau Concentration Camp)
Bluma Is Transferred To Kaufering
LEARN MORE: Kaufering concentration camp complex
Buchenwald Liberated By US Troops
Felix Goldberg among Jews in Buchenwald liberated by US Troops.
Edward R. Murrow Radio Broadcast On The Liberation Of Buchenwald
CBS Newsman Edward R Murrow’s radio broadcast on the occasion of the liberation of Buchenwald.
Congressmen See Horrors of Nazi Camp
Associated Press published in The State (Columbia SC).
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US Congressmen And Reporters Visit Buchenwald
Bluma Is Liberated From Kaufering VI In Turkhein Camp
Bluma (along with her sister) is liberated from Kaufering VI in Turkhein (subcamp to Dachau) camp by 12th Armored Division of US Army; transported to Holzhausen Hospital near Landsberg Germany.
LEARN MORE: German Instrument of Surrender
TIME’s 1945 Report On The Horrors Of Dachau
Life Magazine’s 1945 Report On The German People
Bluma Arrives At Landsberg Displaced Persons Camp
Felix Goldberg’s Name On “List Of Jewish Survivors From Camp Buchenwald”
This list was prepared by the World Jewish Congress.
World War II Ends
LEARN MORE: Surrender of Japan
Nuremberg Trials Begin
LEARN MORE: Nuremberg Trials
Lists of all persons of United Nations and other foreigners, German Jews and stateless persons
President Harry Truman becomes the first world leader to officially recognize Israel
On May 14 1948, President Harry Truman becomes the first world leader to officially recognize Israel as a legitimate Jewish state , only eleven minutes after its creation.
A Primer In Resettlement For Small Communities
In May 1949, New Neighbors, a USNA newsletter, featured an article, “A Primer in Resettlement for Small Communities,” which described Columbia SC efforts to welcome displaced persons.
NEWSPAPER ARTICLE: A Primer In Resettlement For Small Communities
Newspaper Reports Capture of Nazi War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Auschwitz Trials (1963-1965)
The Frankfurt-Auschwitz Trials were the trials of twenty-two Nazi personnel who served at the Auschwitz Camp Complex between 1940 and 1945. The trials primarily took place in Frankfurt am Main between 20 December 1963 and 20 August 1965.